All copper labs include an introduction to copper and its importance to Arizona. Students will smash a penny to keep as a souvenir.
1. U.S. Penny: Students learn the history of the penny and its composition changes. Students work together to sort coins into categories and use math to find percentages. (Grades K-6)
$9 per student.
2. Copper as a Metal: Students are introduced to The Periodic Table of Elements and the metal group, and will learn the physical properties of copper and other metals. We discuss a true metal vs. an alloy and what products are made with copper. The lab teaches chemical reactions and the formation of malachite. (Grades 3, 4, 5, 6) $10 per student.
All cotton labs include an introduction to cotton as a crop and its importance to Arizona. The students will handle natural cotton bolls, observe characteristics of natural cotton fibers, and remove cotton seeds.
1. Cotton as a Crop: Students learn how cotton is planted, the growth cycle, and how cotton is harvested. The economic value of cotton is discussed as well as challenges of growing cotton, the boll weevil and the impact on the environment. Students plant a seed to keep and have a growth chart to monitor the germination and growth of their plant. (Grades K-6) $9 per student.
2. The Cotton Gin: Students are introduced to the Industrial Revolution, Eli Whitney, the cotton gin and the cotton picker. They use a table top cotton gin and math to demonstrate the impact machines have on the cotton harvest. (Grades K-6) $9 per student.
A focus on Arizona's climate and solar energy. Students learn how solar energy produces electricity, and the advantages and disadvantages. The lab includes using photovoltaic cells to power small devices. (Grades 4, 5, 6) $11 per student.
All citrus labs include an introduction to citrus, the growth cycle of a citrus fruit, and the impact of the citrus industry in Arizona. Labs include juice extraction from citrus.
1. Citrus as a Crop: Students learn the different uses for citrus crops and the different juice products. Students use liquid measurements to calculate how much fruit it takes to produce fruit juice that is sold in stores. (Grades K-6) $9 per student.
2. Citrus Juice and Chemistry: Students learn about pH, bases and acids. Students juice citrus then test and record pH levels of different juices. (Grades 3, 4, 5, 6) $10 per student.
All cattle labs include an introduction to the cattle industry and its impact on Arizona.
1. Cattle as Dairy: Students learn about dairy products and discuss the food pyramid and the role of dairy in our diet. Students learn about Louis Pasteur and the pasteurization process. Lab includes color changing milk. (Grades K-6) $9 per student.
2. Leather and other Cattle Products: Students learn about leather, gelatin, tallow and medicines made from cattle. Students will create a leather bracelet or bolo tie they can keep.
(Grades 3, 4, 5, 6) $11 per student.
All Arizona labs include a history of Arizona as a state and an introduction to the State Seal and its meaning.
1. Arizona State Flag: Students learn the history of the flag including the meaning of the colors and design. Students make a flag from pre-cut materials and mount it to a wooden pole to keep.
(Grades K-6) $10 per student.
2. State Flower - Saguaro Bloom: Students learn about seed and plant structures, growth cycles of the saguaro cactus and sunflowers. Students plant a sunflower seed to keep and have a growth chart to monitor the germination and growth of their sunflower. Students use the Scientific Method to determine if the amount of water affects germination. (Grades 3-6) $9 per student.